Matt RaibleMatt Raible is a Java Champion and Developer Advocate at Okta.

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Over 10 years ago, I wrote my first blog post. Since then, I've authored books, had kids, traveled the world, found Trish and blogged about it all.

Moving from Spring's XML to Annotations in AppFuse

Last night, I did a spike on AppFuse to change XML to Spring annotations (@Repository, @Service and @Autowired) in its service and data modules. While I was able to accomplish everything in a few hours (including converting tests), I did run into a couple issues.

AbstractTransactionalJUnit4..Tests vs. AbstractTransactionalDataSource..Tests
I've switched from my favorite Spring class to the annotation-happy AbstractTransactionalJUnit4SpringContextTests. However, this has presented an issue: when using ATDSSCT, I was able to call endTransaction() and startNewTransaction(). With ATJ4SCT, this doesn't seem possible. Below is a screenshot of the diff on a test method in the JPA implementation of UserDaoTest:

AbstractTransactionalJUnit4SpringContextTests vs. AbstractTransactionalDataSourceSpringContextTests

On the right, you'll notice that I had to comment out @ExpectedException to get the test to pass. This concerns me since this exception should be thrown. Is there a way to call endTransaction() and startNewTransaction() when subclassing AbstractTransactionalJUnit4SpringContextTests?

Instantiating GenericDao Implementations Programmatically
The second feature I tried to add is the ability to instantiate a GenericDao programatically rather than requiring a XML bean definition. In current versions of AppFuse, you can use the following bean definition to create a GenericDao for a model object.

<bean id="personDao" class="org.appfuse.dao.hibernate.GenericDaoHibernate">
    <constructor-arg value="org.appfuse.tutorial.model.Person"/> 
    <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory"/>

When moving to a no-XML required architecture, it'd be nice to allow users to create GenericDao's programmatically. Below is the easiest way I've found to do this in a test:

GenericDao<User, Long> genericDao;
SessionFactory sessionFactory;

public void setUp() {
    genericDao = new GenericDaoHibernate<User, Long>(User.class);

However, there's a couple problems with this. First of all, mixing constructor injection and setter injection probably isn't a good idea. Changing the constructor to take a SessionFactory solves this problem, but now all subclasses need to have a more verbose constructor:

public UserDaoHibernate(SessionFactory sessionFactory) {
    super(User.class, sessionFactory);

Whereas before they had:

public UserDaoHibernate() {

In an ideal world, I could call new GenericDaoHibernate<User, Long>(User.class) and the SessionFactory would be wired in auto-magically. Is this possible with Spring 2.5?

The 2nd problem this presents is your client code will now be dependent on an implementation rather than the interface. I don't know how to solve that one, but I'd love to figure out a way to create GenericDaos with no XML and no implementation details in the client. Any ideas are most welcome.

If you'd like to see all the changes I made in converting from XML to Annotations, please see this patch.

Posted in Java at Nov 04 2008, 11:39:54 AM MST 14 Comments