One of the things that motivated Chad to take control of his career was The Pragmatic Programmer book. It taught him you should always try work with people that are smarter than you. What we all really strive for is freedom, especially creative freedom. The whole idea of a remarkable career is it's different for everyone. Some folks want to get rich, some want to take a lot of vacation, some want to travel the world.
The process of developing a remarkable career is fairly easy - you just need two things. You have to have the intention and a system for getting it done. Most people do their careers by coincidence, but they don't drive it. In the music world, no one gets into it for the paycheck. Everybody gets into it because they think they're going to be the best. When Chad became a programmer, he thought the same thing - that he wanted to be a rock star.
When you have a plan, it makes hard things easy. A good example of a helpful planning technique is training for a running race. In September, Chad completed the Indian Summer Half Marathon and he used a training program that introduced mileage in a systematic way. Because of this, training never felt difficult. Another system that Chad recommends is the Seinfeld Calender, where you have a calendar that you X the days when you completed your training (or steps toward a goal). An interesting open source version of this is Calendar About Nothing.
One good way to look at your career is to think of yourself as a product. Choose your market, invest in yourself, execute and market your skills. You should hang out with people you want to be like and work with people you want to become. Chad recommends not only learning a new language every year, but also learning a new domain. You should decide if you want to be a generalist or a specialist. Being a specialist does not mean only knowing one thing, it just means you know one thing very well. If you do both, it's the best path towards awesomeness.
The thing that most programmers don't do enough of is practice. CodeKata is an example of how you can practice. Don't just practice programming, understand how your business operates. One of the best ways to do this is learn how to read a balance sheet. Don't be a Partial Person. Don't be someone who says I'm not a UI programmer. Learn how to do it. If you say "I've always wanted to", you should do it (unless it's illegal of course).
Execution is a mindset. The best person is not always the smartest person. People who struggle have to come up with systems to make them stronger. People who get things naturally (fitness, brains, etc.) tend to not keep perfecting their skill. Always think about how much you cost per hour and try to do something you can tell your boss everyday. Another way to execute impressively is to do an 8-hour burn (similar to the 40-hour work week)
The best way to market yourself is to be remarkable. When you do networking events, try to help people. We can all get stuck in the trap of saying I am an X programmer. This happens a lot when you're successful at X. Don't limit yourself by tying yourself to one technology. As a programmer, your job doesn't suck. If what you're doing is not fun, then you're probably doing the wrong thing. Ruthlessly cut out the crap you don't enjoy.